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What is an Addiction?

There are four types of addictions


Substances include alcohol, cocaine, methamphetamine, nicotine, heroin, prescription drugs, caffeine, and marijuana.


Process addictions include sex, work, exercise, video games, food (anorexia, bulimia, and binge), money (gambling, shopping, and e-trading), and internet and/or cybersex.

Compulsive Attachments

Compulsive attachments include seeking and staying with troubled people; pathological giving, rescuing, and becoming a hero; intensity, drama, and crises; impression management; codependency; co-addiction; and trauma bonding.


Feelings include rage, fear, self-loathing, intensity, and love.

Carnes, P. J. (2009). Recovery zone (vol. 1).  Carefree, AZ: Gentle Path Press.

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